The Osteopathy Board of Australia (the Board) will soon audit a number of osteopaths as part of our work to protect the public. At renewal of your registration each year you have to declare your compliance with the Board’s mandatory registration standards. A random sample of practitioners will soon be selected and they will receive an audit notice in the mail from the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). The email includes a checklist that outlines what supporting documentation is required to demonstrate that you meet the standard(s) being audited.
Any osteopath who is found to have made a false declaration can expect the Board to take action against their registration. This newsletter will focus on compliance with the registration standards, preparing for audit and what can happen if you are found to be non-compliant. It adds to the information we provided last year in the April 2016 newsletter.
We draw your attention to the criminal history registration standard. Please err on the side of caution and notify us of any changes to your criminal history at renewal; or notify within seven days if a charge is punishable by 12 months or more imprisonment.
We also focus on the continuing professional development (CPD) registration standard; in particular maintaining a current senior first aid certificate, and explain about the four hours of mandatory topics per year.
Recency of practice (RoP) is audited this year and we show you how to get your evidence ready for this or future years, as a past three-year period is audited.
We must stress that the vast majority of practitioners are found to be compliant at audit, and we are providing this information to help you also achieve this. Most important is the requirement that practitioners declare honestly at renewal about their compliance with the Board’s registration standards.
We also explain how complaints and non-compliance at renewal or audit are dealt with under the co-regulatory models in New South Wales and Queensland.
I am pleased to announce that Pam Dennis, practitioner member from Tasmania, was recently reappointed for a further three years by the Australian Health Workforce Ministerial Council.
Dr Nikole Grbin
Chair, Osteopathy Board of Australia
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You must strictly comply with the four mandatory registration standards and honestly declare if you are not compliant. These standards include criminal history, professional indemnity insurance arrangements (PII), CPD and RoP. Making misleading or false declarations upon initial or renewal applications is a very serious matter and may result in disciplinary action and/or affect your ability to be registered.
The CPD registration standard requires all practising osteopaths to complete at least 25 hours of CPD per annual registration period from 1 December until 30 November each year. All practitioners must hold a current Senior First Aid (Level 2) certificate or equivalent.
This course has changed name and code from time to time, and the Board does not specify unit name or code in its registration standard, but says ‘or equivalent’. It has had various name changes by providers, including 'Apply First Aid' and is currently called 'Provide First Aid'. It is usually a minimum of one full day of training and you must refresh your training every three years to comply with the Board’s CPD registration standard. If you are selected for audit you will be required to submit evidence of your certification to cover the audit period.
As a result of common themes in the concerns/notifications received by the Board over a number of years, the Board requires that at least four hours in each 12-month CPD cycle must include CPD on one or more of the following topics:
All these topics are important and the Board expects you to cover different mandatory topics from year to year. The list of topics was updated in the revised guidelines, effective from 1 December 2015, and four hours of CPD each year should reflect these topics.
For example, advertising complaints have significantly increased and compliance with advertising is an important topic to familiarise yourself with at the moment; and the Board has produced advertising bulletins and newsletters to point you to further material to consider. There has also been a webinar on CPD audit and PII in the past year which is available on the Board’s website.
Other examples that appear in concerns/notifications are: poor or inadequate communication; lack of informed consent; lack of privacy; and poor record keeping. In some cases it can be the primary cause for a notification or it can be a secondary issue that becomes apparent during an investigation. Your CPD should include ongoing learning in all the listed topics on a rotating basis over a number of years.
You need to keep CPD documentation for five years. CPD is explained in the registration standard and the guidelines.
1The Health Practitioner Regulation National Law, as in force in each state and territory (the National Law).
The RoP registration standard requires all osteopaths who hold general registration to have practised for a minimum of 450 hours during the previous three registration periods. In addition, practitioners are required to maintain records as evidence of this practice for a minimum of five years. There are no exemptions to this standard.
The Board has recognised that many osteopaths are self-employed practitioners. The evidence required to demonstrate compliance with the RoP standard includes a robust curriculum vitae. A new ‘Tips’ document is available to provide further guidance for audit – see our Audit page.
The revised PII arrangements registration standard is effective from 1 July 2016. Because both the previous and new registration standards were applicable to the annual registration period, if selected for audit in 2017 you will be required to submit evidence to demonstrate your compliance with the new standard from 1 July 2016 and the previous standard from 1 December 2015 until 1 July 2016.
It is important to keep all evidence of formal interactions with insurers, such as payments, policies and disclosures, for five years, as the Board might require you to provide more detailed information about your compliance with the PII arrangements registration standard. For example, you should keep printed or online copies made at the time of disclosures or interactions with insurers, or you may need to keep concurrent policies relating to different workplaces.
You must retain all documentary evidence of PII insurance for five years even if you change your employment. You will need letters from a number of employers if you were covered by different employers’ PII arrangements, for example if you worked at a university and private practice.
All registered osteopaths have obligations under the law to advise the Board of certain criminal history events within seven days if you are charged with or convicted of certain offences punishable by 12 months’ imprisonment or more. This requirement exists in the law so that the Board has early notice of events that might require the Board to take action to ensure the public is protected, and the public have confidence in the profession.
A failure to advise the Board of these events can compound issues for a practitioner, so you must not wait until registration renewal time to inform the Board.
Section 130 of the National Law requires practitioners to advise the Board within seven days about a number of matters; the more common ones are if:
A Notice of certain events form is available. If you failed to notify the Board of these charges at the time but instead declared the charges several months later, then you have failed to comply with your obligations under the National Law.
Failure to comply with the requirements of the National Law is a serious matter that can become a ground for a notification about the practitioner as it is considered professional misconduct. There are a number of possible outcomes in such cases, ranging from cautions to the practitioner, or imposing conditions on the practitioner’s registration right up to referral to a tribunal for disciplinary proceedings where the practitioner, among other things, may be suspended or have their registration cancelled.
The Board may also take immediate action to ensure the health and safety of the public while a matter is being investigated, which may result in temporary suspension or conditions upon the practice of a practitioner.
Some of the things the Board has considered relevant in its management of cases like this have included:
Both the charge itself and the failure of a practitioner to inform the Board of the charge early could result in a finding that the practitioner is not a suitable person to hold registration in the profession.
If you are aware of another practitioner being charged or convicted, then you can make a notification about this to the Board/AHPRA. See the Complaints or concerns page for more details.
All new graduates and overseas-trained osteopaths are checked for domestic and international criminal history when they first apply for registration in Australia. There may be a delay in the registration decision timeline where there is a mismatch between an applicant’s disclosure and the criminal history report(s).
Applicants must declare every charge not just convictions, regardless of how long ago they occurred. This includes charges that may have been dismissed or from the children’s court – convictions and spent convictions. Traffic offences are considered criminal offences in some jurisdictions and therefore practitioners must be aware of all charges or convictions regardless of their nature.
In making declarations of criminal history, the practitioner should include as much information as available. This includes dates, a summary of the charge/conviction and a statement of the circumstances leading up to the offence.
When assessing the criminal history declaration, the Board will consider the nature and status of the offence and weigh up whether it has an impact on patient safety and suitability for registration. Initial and ongoing criminal history disclosure and checking is central to public safety. The good news is that very few practitioners have a criminal history that requires action by the Board. The not-so-good news is that some practitioners find themselves experiencing a delay or review due to their failure to fully disclose at the correct time.
Incorrect or false declarations on your new or renewal application are a very serious matter and may result in disciplinary action and/or affect your ability to be registered.
Where there has been a change to your criminal history in Australia or overseas since your last declaration you are required to declare this at renewal.
An education provider is required under the National Law to notify AHPRA as a mandatory notification if they reasonably believe:
Any entity (person or organisation) may make a voluntary notification about a student to AHPRA when they believe that the student:
National Boards act on student health impairment matters or when there is a criminal conviction of a serious nature that may adversely affect public safety. However, the National Boards have no role to play in the academic progress or conduct of students.
The different complaints arrangements are termed ‘co-regulatory’ for the New South Wales and Queensland jurisdictions, which use their own state or territory legislation for handling complaints. The outcomes are reported to the National Boards, particularly if AHPRA and the National Boards need to take action such as removing a practitioner’s name from the national register or placing conditions on registration.
New South Wales has been a co-regulatory jurisdiction since the start of the National Registration and Accreditation Scheme (National Scheme) on 1 July 2010. The Osteopathy Council of NSW is the decision-making body for these complaints. Complaints about health practitioners and providers are handled by the Health Care Complaints Commission (HCCC) in partnership with the Health Professional Councils Authority (HPCA). The HPCA provides administrative support to 14 NSW health professional councils.
On 1 July 2014 Queensland became a co-regulatory jurisdiction, whereby all notifications (complaints) are received by the Queensland Office of the Health Ombudsman (OHO). The OHO is the single point of entry for all health service complaints in Queensland. The Health Ombudsman assesses all complaints to determine the most appropriate action for achieving a timely resolution. All complaints relating to registered health practitioners that the Health Ombudsman determines as serious are retained by the OHO for action, with less serious matters being referred to AHPRA and the National Boards for management.
The Board has published a request for quote seeking a consultant to amend the draft revised Capabilities for osteopathic practice document to address the feedback received in preliminary consultation prior to public consultation; and to finalise the document after public consultation. More information and key dates are in the Request for quote document.
The extended closing date for submissions is 12 June 2017, 5:00pm AEST.
Registered health practitioners are reminded to check, correct and comply with their professional and legal advertising obligations.
The National Boards and AHPRA have published a strategy for the National Scheme to help keep health service consumers safe from misleading advertising.
The Advertising compliance and enforcement strategy for the National Scheme explains how National Boards and AHPRA will manage advertising complaints and compliance, including the regulatory powers available to deal with breaches of the National Law.
Practitioners have a professional and legal obligation to advertise responsibly and support members of the community to make informed choices about their healthcare. The National Law limits how regulated health services2 can be advertised.
When preparing advertising, you should always ensure that your advertising is not false, misleading or deceptive in any way. You are encouraged to use the resources available on AHPRA’s website to check and, if necessary, correct your advertising to ensure you comply with National Law requirements.
This strategy builds on the previous education and enforcement work from National Boards and AHPRA.
Under the National Law, a regulated health service or a business providing a regulated health service must not advertise in a way that:
There are also restrictions on advertising in a way that identifies a health practitioner as a specialist when they do not hold registration as a specialist or as an endorsed practitioner in a health profession.
More information, including the strategy and examples of unacceptable statements in advertising, is available on the Advertising resources of the AHPRA website.
AHPRA’s regulatory role means it may need to take action for non-compliant advertising. If you are unsure about whether or not your advertising complies with the National Law you should seek advice from your:
2A ‘regulated health service’ is a service provided by, or usually provided by, a health practitioner, as defined in the National Law. The advertising provisions of the National Law cover the advertising of a regulated health service, or the advertising of a business that provides a regulated health service.